Your skin goes through many changes in your 30s. According to dermatologist Dr. Gaile Robredo-Vitas, "this is because your skin starts to degrade collagen and elastin more than it is making them." You might be experiencing more dryness in certain parts of your face, or you may notice that you're more prone to forming fine lines. If you're dealing with any of this skincare issue, don't panic—a few tweaks in your current skincare routine like adding potent serums or night creams can help slow down your skin's natural aging process.
Don't know where to begin? Below, Dr. Gaile Robredo-Vitas shares the best ingredients you can look for in skincare products if you want to keep your skin looking youthful:
"Retinol (vitamin A) is my go-to anti-aging ingredient. It reduces fine lines and wrinkles, improves pigmentation, reduces pores size, and makes our skin smoother and plumper. Retinol is a keratolytic; it increases skin cell turnover, unclogging the pores and preventing the formation of blackheads or whiteheads.
"In addition to stimulating collagen production, retinol also prevents the production of collagenase, which is an enzyme that breaks down collagen in our skin."
Regenerist RETINOL24 Night Serum, P1,999, OLAY, Watsons
2. Snail Secretion Filtrate or Snail Mucin
"Snail mucin is a mucus-like ingredient that is emitted by snails to protect themselves against bacteria, cuts, and UV rays. It contains a combination of potent ingredients like elastin, proteins, antimicrobials, copper peptides, hyaluronic acid, and glycolic acid, which is why it’s known for being able to improve skin’s overall appearance.
"This ingredient can do a lot for your skin such as soothe redness, hydrate dry patches, reduce the appearance of signs of aging, brighten dark spots and other forms of hyperpigmentation, and protect your skin from free radicals. I like that this is also gentle enough to be used with other products with active ingredients because it complements them."
Whipp Soap Gold, SNAILWHITE, P345, Watsons
"I like using antioxidants, such as Vitamin C and E, together. Vitamin C minimizes the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and helps lighten pigmentation, while Vitamin E acts as our first line of defense from free radicals and oxidative stress. It also helps protect our skin from environmental stressors such as UV radiation and pollution. Combined use of these two ingredients will give us healthy, younger-looking skin with a brighter and more even complexion."
Freshly Juiced Vitamin Drop, KLAIRS, P1200, Althea
4. Exfoliants: Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) and Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs)
"We make new skin cells every 28 days, however, as we get older, this 'skin turnover' slows down and becomes less efficient resulting in dry, dull or lackluster skin.
"Exfoliants like AHAs and BHAs can help break the bonds that hold dead skin cells together, naturally revealing a smoother skin. AHAs like your glycolic and lactic acids are water-soluble and work on the surface of the skin, while your BHAs like salicylic acid is fat-soluble. It goes deep inside the pore and helps unclog it."
Glycolic Toner, MARIO BADESCU, P1200, Rustan's The Beauty Source
5. Niacinamide or vitamin B3
"Niacinamide or vitamin B3 is a water-soluble vitamin that works by restoring our skin’s protective barrier and repairing the damage caused by environmental stressors. Niacinamide also protects against moisture loss and dehydration. It works well with almost all ingredients and is well-tolerated by all skin types even those with sensitive skin. When used consistently, it keeps your skin hydrated, improves uneven skin tone, and diminishes fine lines and wrinkles.
Niacinamide 10% + Zinc 1%, THE ORDINARY, P740, BeautyMNL
*This story originally appeared on FemaleNetwork.com. Minor edits have been made by the Preview.ph editors.